“Quran this, Quran that, Quran blah blah..” Things people say about the Quran – it would never end.
Recently, a right-winged politician in Holland, Geert Wilders also wished to talk about the Quran. It manifested as a fitnah to the world, with his aptly titled movie, Fitna.
Those who wish to criticize, bash, defend and safeguard al-Quran would usually miss one important process. The process is agreed upon by everyone who speaks rationally and thinks with a sound mind, regardless of religion. I’m referring to the process of analyzing the authenticity of al-Quran.
In the discipline of history as a branch of social science, the process of analyzing the authenticity of a material has to be carried out first before it could be used as a reference in a research. Is the coin found really genuine, or just a fake? Was the text really written by that scholar, and is it truly the original text?
On the same ground, the process of editing and examining manuscripts requires at least three different copies of the same manuscript, so that comparisons can be made to ascertain the validity of the material being studied.
The point is, before debating or criticizing the Quran, one has to check first whether the Quran is genuine, authentic, or a fake.
It’s a simple logic.
THE MAP BOOK
“Hmm, I have to buy the A-Z London map book – I don’t want to be lost,” Ahmad said at the Heathrow airport. It was his first time in London.
He went to a bookstore to look for a map to guide him in London.
“Hmm.. printed in Bangalore!” Ahmad was surprised.
The glossy, comprehensive and cheap map in his hand is printed in Bangalore. A London map, printed in Bangalore!
“Oh dear, printed in 1985!” Ahmad exclaimed, even more bewildered.
A London map, printed in Bangalore, India, in 1985!
Would Ahmad buy the map to guide him in London? Obviously not. Ahmad has doubts over the authencity of the map. He wouldn’t use it, even if it were given to him for free.
He’s right. We shouldn’t use something with questionable authencity as a guide.
AS FOR THE QURAN
Let’s have a look at the Quran.
It was revealed in the Saudi Arabia.
Masya Allah. Is the Quran relevant to the issues in the Europe or in Malaysia?
The Quran was revealed not in 1985, but more than 1430 years ago!
Allahu Akbar! What would the Quran know about our situation now in 2008 when it has come to existence more than a millennium ago?
How convinced are we on the authenticity of the Quran?
This is the Book; in it is guidance sure, without doubt, to those who fear Allah; [Al-Baqarah 2: 1-2]
The Quran introduced itself as a guide, for people with taqwa. But the catch is, there can be no doubt. Therefore it is a test not only to those who has not or does not believe in the Quran, but also to Muslims who claim to follow the Quran – where does his conviction to the authenticity of the Quran truly lies?
If a Muslim believes that the Quran is the word of Allah, the One and Only God, where is the evidence?
If a non-Muslim wants to refute the Quran, or talk about the Quran, to believe in it or otherwise, what are the reasons? If you choose to believe in it, what are the grounds?
Therefore, we have to actively choose to believe in the Qur’an, and not take it for granted or blindly inherit it. The question is, how do we then determine the authenticity of the Quran?
There are numerous ways that we can use to examine the Quran. Is it really the word of Allah, or just written by a human, or what?
To begin with, we can look at the linguistic aspect.
To those who learnt the Arabic language, try to recall our essays during the SRP/PMR period years ago…
“Hadhizi madrasati. Madrasati kabiratun, waasi’atun, mulawwanatun, jamilatun, mahbubatun…!”, congratulations – you’re deserve an A for that level. It could be embarrassing to read our own essays. The fluency of our Arabic language is so low then, as compared the later years that followed. The same applies to other languages.
But look at the Quran. Can we, from the linguistic aspect, differentiate between the ayahs revealed in year 1, and those revealed in year 23? Can we discern any linguistic discrepancies between Iqra’, Bismi Rabbikalladhee khalaq with Idhaa jaa’a nasrullaahi wal fath?
The language of the Quran is highly consistent. No language went through a mature and premature period within the span of 23 years.
Clearly, the consistency of the linguistic aspect of the Quran is impossible to achieve by any human being. No one can use such a high standard of a language as consistently as the Quran. Therefore it doesn’t make sense to attribute the Quran to any man at all, not even the experts of experts in their languages, because the linguistic consistency is above any human being. Verily, it is the language of the Divine. The Quran is not the words of a human. Not that of Muhammad. Truly, it is the God who have spoken in the Quran.
Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’aala.
But of course, to verify the genuineness of the Quran from this angle requires a strong command of the Arabic language.
ASBAB NUZUL (MOTIVE OF REVELATION)
When Aishah radhiyallahu’anha was slandered by the Munafiqs with zina accusation (the story of al-Ifk), Nabi Muhammad S.A.W and the rest of the Muslims lived in anguish. The Munafiqs were quick to spread the false story to defame Ummu al-Mu’mineen, what with the absence of her defense from the Quran. Had the Quran been the work of Muhammad, he would have written something to defend his wife in this time of dire need. But that is not so. When his wife was slandered, he was further tested by the absence of the Quran revelation that could help vindicate her. To a point that Muhammad himself kept looking up to the sky in waiting.
Because the Quran is the word of Allah. His Words. When Aishah was slandered, Allah had tested Muhammad S.A.W, Aishah and the Muslim ummah by ‘withholding’ the wahyu. Until finally Allah absolved Aishah from the slander and she regained her honour when the ayahs of Surah al-Noor (24: 1-26) were revealed.
The event was written in history, how Muhammad had no ability to influence the Quran, even at the most critical moment. He was merely a recipient from the Quran’s true source, that is the God – Allah Subhanu wa Ta’aala.
However, this story would certainly be deemed irrelevant by those who rejects the Muslim literature, in specific the Hadiths of Nabi Muhammad S.A.W.
THE UNIVERSAL MATHEMATICS
In looking for the truth about the Quran, that it contains the absolute truth, we may need a universal approach. A common language that can be accepted by anyone at all, with the faculty of the mind that differentiates man from animals.
Use mathematics and the probability theory that we all know.
We are aware that one of the many miracles of the Quran, is the presence of amazing scientific facts. So many scientific discoveries that took place this era, are clearly mentioned in the Quran, a text that had existed more than 1000 years ago, at a time when such scientific analysis was beyond man’s capability.
Where does this accurate facts come from then?
“Well… it could just be a lucky guess!” said those who has not or does not believe in the Quran.
Okay, let’s say we accept that the scientific facts in the Quran are lucky guesses, by the so-called ‘author’ Muhammad.
By using the probability theory, is it possible for Muhammad to make all these ‘lucky guesses’ in the Quran?
With a dice, what is the probability for us to get the number “3” in one throw? The answer is one sixth (1/6). Now, what is the probability we would get both number “3” in two consecutive throws? The answer is one sixth multiplied by one sixth which is one over thirty six (1/6 X 1/6 = 1/36).
Use the same theory to analyse scientific facts in the Quran. For example, there is an explanation on the sun and the moon in the Quran. If Muhammad were to take a guess as to whether the moon emits its own light or merely reflect the light emanating from another source, what is the probability for him to make the right pick?
In this case, the probability is one half (1/2). Either the light is from the moon or other source.
This is one scientific fact.
What about the other facts presented in the Quran? The question of whether the earth orbits around the sun, or the other way round, for instance. Or facts about the components that make up a human body. If each of these scientific facts in the Quran were all ‘lucky guesses’ of a man named Muhammad, what is the probability for Muhammad to be right in all his guesses?
1/2 X 1/6 X 1/25 X 1/78…. There’s a thousand scientific facts in the Quran, therefore the probability is 0.00000000007686443547657… but that’s not it, there’s actually more. In other words, it’s IMPOSSIBLE!
Yet, ALL the scientific facts in the Quran are perfectly accurate.
This implied that the Quran comes from one who knows about man and this world VERY WELL. The one who spoke in the Quran, is none other than the Creator of the world and man… the One and Only God, Allah… Allahu Akbar!
The probability theory can definitely be used in search for the conviction of the Quran.
SCIENCE AS A TOOL
I’m writing this article, not with the intention to prove that there is science in the Quran. That is a cliché.
We have to go back to the explanation in the Quran that its entire contents have been revealed as a guide (Huda). Therefore science in the Quran is meant to guide the mankind towards the truth. If science were claimed to be the indicator of truth, then use science to test the Quran.
Verily the biggest question to be answered by anyone who wishes to speak about the Quran is WHO IS IT BEHIND THE QURAN?
Is it really the word of God?
Is it conceivable to say that it is not?
If you found God in your quest for this answer, all your misunderstanding about the meanings of the Quran, is a proof of your own ignorance, rather than the imperfections of the Quran, because it is the word of Allah the Almighty.
Will ye not then understand? [Al-Anbiyaa’ 21 : 10]
ABU SAIF @ http://www.saifulislam.com
Generously translated by Sister Ummu Ridhwan